GIOVENTU » 60% of unemployed young Italians would not relocate to get a job?

60% of unemployed young Italians would not relocate to get a job?

Italy has always had a high Youth Unemployment Rate. Statistics on young people neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET) showed that the highest rates in 2017, in Europe, were recorded in Italy and Greece, where approximately one third of all young people aged 20–34 were neither in employment nor in education and training (30.7 % and 30.5 % respectively). The surprising news is that 60% of Italian unemployed people aged between 20 and 34 would not be ready to transfer to get a job. A 20% share is willing to do so within the Peninsula and the remaining 20% also abroad (7% in Europe, 13% outside). The poor propensity to the mobility of Italian millennials emerged from a report published by Eurostat, the European statistical agency. The number of young Italians exceed the continental average, with a less dramatic gap than one might think: the EU average of under 34 reluctant to move is 50%, with peaks in Malta (73%), the Netherlands (69%) and Cyprus (68%). However, Italy hits the record for the share of young people who have never moved for a job: 98%, against an EU average of 60%. Even in a dynamic country such as the UK, 57% of youths are not willing to relocate abroad, while in Ireland 60% of young people found employment in the municipality of origin.

The map of the countries with the most mobile young people varies depending on the final destination. For example, when it comes to moving within their own country, the most likely are the under 34s of Romania and Germany (both 37%), Ireland and the Czech Republic (35%). The highest peaks of millennials willing to work in another European country are recorded in Estonia and Croatia (26%) and Slovenia (25%). As for long-distance transfers outside the EU, the greater availability comes from young people living in Sweden (34%), Spain and Finland (28%) and France (27%). In general, the tendency is to prefer a relocation within the domestic country, rather than in the rest of Europe. But there are exceptions such as Bulgaria, where the share of the unemployed open to transfer to the rest of Europe (23%) is almost double that of those who would choose a job in the national borders. Taking a close look at those who relocated, Ireland leads the chart (26%), followed by France (16%), Finland (14%) and Sweden (13%). 

At European level, the willingness to move increases proportionately with the degree of studies. Unemployed young people who are inclined to move reach the peak between those who have obtained a "high level of education" (23% would do so in their own country, 16% in the rest of Europe), against the levels however discreet of those who have obtained a medium level (20% and 11%) and a low level of education (21% and 10%).  

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